Beijing haze has now become a popular endorsement. Serious pollution led to an orange alarm, causing the respiratory patients to become full. In the case of worrying people, the whole nation took action to clear the fog and finally escaped a week of black nightmares.
Under heavy pollution, how do you protect yourself?
The Ministry of Environmental Protection recommends that during periods of heavy pollution, children, the elderly, and people with heart and lung diseases should stay indoors as much as possible, stop outdoor sports, and the general population should reduce outdoor exercise.
Fu Haidong, a professor at the School of Public Health at Fudan University, reminded the public of the a€?four strokesa€? available for personal protection under hazy weather.
The first move: "home." It is suggested that residents should try to stay indoors when there is haze or when the concentration of atmospheric PM2.5 is high, reduce the time or intensity of outdoor activities, and keep the doors and windows closed to reduce the indoor PM2.5 concentration.
The second measure: "net." The conditional residents can use an air purifier. A randomized, double-blind cross-over design study conducted at Fudan University shows that even short-term purifier use can improve residentsa€? cardiopulmonary health.
The third measure: "cover." Can be properly worn with particulate protection masks. A previous study conducted by Beijing on cardiovascular patients showed that wearing a mask scientifically and reasonably can reduce the concentration of particulate matter exposed to individuals and improve the symptoms of cardiovascular system. However, the effect of ordinary mask protection on PM2.5 is limited.
The fourth measure: "make up." The possible mechanisms of PM2.5 affecting health include oxidative stress and inflammatory effects. Therefore, studies abroad have concluded that the supplement of antioxidants with antioxidant effects can alleviate the health hazards of residents of atmospheric pollution, but these studies are low concentration pollution conditions in foreign countries. Whether or not it can achieve proper protection in China will require more evidence to support medical evidence.
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