Recently, the Ministry of Agriculture approved the issuance of three GM soybean import safety certificates, which has caused concern. So, what countries in the world approve the cultivation, consumption and processing of these soybeans? What are the conclusions of foreign companies on their safety assessment? The reporter then obtained information from relevant agencies and answered questions in depth.
Where are the three GM soybeans currently grown?
The main origin in the United States Brazil Argentina
According to the information provided by the Ministry of Agriculture, the three types of soybeans approved were the herbicide-resistant soybean CV127 filed by BASF Agrochemicals, the insect-resistant soybean MON87701 applied by Monsanto Far East Ltd. and the insect-resistant herbicide-tolerant soybean MON87701?—MON89788. The Ministry of Agriculture approved the import of these three kinds of soybeans as raw materials for processing.
According to the website of the non-profit organization International Agricultural Biotechnology Application Technology Acquisition Management Bureau, CV127 is a genetically modified soybean tolerant to imidazolinone herbicides and is grown in countries such as Argentina and Brazil.
MON87701 is a transgenic soybean resistant to lepidopteran insects and is grown in the United States, Canada, and Japan.
MON87701?—MON89788 is a genetically modified soybean that is resistant to lepidopteran insecticides and to glyphosate herbicides and is grown in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay.
How are three kinds of soybeans consumed in the international market?
Three kinds of soybeans are approved for consumption in many countries
According to the information provided by the International Agricultural Biotechnology Application Technology Acquisition Authority, CV127 soybean has been approved by the United States, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and the Philippines, and can be directly consumed or used for food processing. The United States, Argentina, Brazil, the Philippines, and Russia Approved such soybeans can be directly used as feed or feed processing;
MON87701 soybeans have been approved for direct consumption or for food processing in countries such as the United States, Canada, and Mexico, and the United States, Canada, and Japan have approved direct use as feed or feed processing;
MON87701?—MON89788 are approved for direct consumption or for food processing in countries such as the European Union, Brazil, Mexico, and Paraguay. Countries such as the European Union, Brazil, and South Korea have approved direct use as feed or feed processing.
Is it safe to eat these three imported GM soybeans?
Safer than non-genetically modified soybeans
For CV127 soybeans, the US Food and Drug Administration released its safety assessment report on its official website in January 2012. BASF has submitted relevant information to the authorities for assessment. The company concluded that there is a For modification (referring to the tolerance of imidazolinone herbicides), CV127 soybeans have substantially different composition and other related parameters in terms of their food and feed use compared with other soybeans currently grown, sold, and consumed. . In response, the agency "has not found any security issues that require further evaluation or management issues related to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act."
Regarding MON87701 soybean, the US Bureau of Drug Control released a safety assessment report on its official website in August 2010. After assessing the information submitted by Monsanto, the Bureau concluded that before the soybeans enter the market, The agency did not find that it had issues such as the need for further assessment of safety. The US Department of Agriculture concluded in 2011 that MON87701 soybean is unlikely to be at risk of plant diseases and insect pests.
For MON87701?—MON89788 soybean, reporters did not find relevant information on the website of agencies such as the US Drug Administration and the United States Department of Agriculture. However, the evaluation results published by the European Food Safety Agency's Committee on Genetically Modified Organisms on its website in February 2012 stated that the safety review of this soybean "has solved the scientific assessment questions raised by member states" and "is related to humans and In terms of animal health and environment, it is as safe as non-genetically modified species, and can be used for food and feed.
Most of the GM crops in the United States are used for food and animal feed. A statement by the US Drug Administration in May said that GM foods have been in the US food supply system for about 20 years. Genetically modified cotton, soybeans and corn are the three most widely grown crops in the United States. According to the US Department of Agriculture, in 2012, the planting area of a€?a€?genetically modified cotton, soybeans, and corn in the United States accounted for 94%, 93%, and 88% of the total planted area, respectively.
Public decision-making should not leave public opinion absent
Is it a epoch-making technology to solve the world food crisis or a "biological weapon" that poisons people's health? With the approval by the Ministry of Agriculture of the issuance of import safety certificates for three genetically modified soybeans, disputes over genetic modification have begun to rumble. The situation is complex and there are serious differences of opinion. When many people talk about a€?changea€? and change, it is more important than disputes that the users of genetically modified products participate in decision-making and know.
There are very few technologies that can make the split between the opposing sides of the argument like GM agricultural by-products: conflicting experimental evidence, sharply opposing interest expressions, and unreliable research conclusions... Proponents believe that genetically modified technologies can ease resource constraints and protect the ecological environment. Improving product quality. Opponents challenged food safety, ecological security, and staple food safety. Bystanders Yunshan fog cover, consumers know what to do.
Just because the situation is so complex and closely related to the lives of the masses, it is so important that consumersa€? right to information and participation in decision-making are important. Specific to the three genetically modified soybean safety certificates, people appear almost overnight. It is believed that the decision-making department and related experts will strictly assess according to regulations in the course of deliberation, and the issuance of safety certificates is scientific and reasonable. However, for such controversial products, the decision-making process did not involve the representatives of the masses and expressed the willingness to represent the consumers. After the decision, in addition to the disclosure of the "surface information" of the soybean companies and varieties involved, the review, the production of the country, and the safety Sexual reports and other "key information" are not involved too much. This is simply not worth mentioning.
For products such as genetically modified soybeans that involve high-tech products, the general public may not be able to say much, but as users, people have the right to understand the decision-making process. Expert opinions need to be taken seriously, and the wishes of the people should also be respected. If the relevant departments cannot resolve the question marks in the hearts of the people, then they should put the problems out and give the people the right to choose.
In fact, it is not only the issuance of genetically modified safety certificates. Any public decision concerning the vital interests of the people should not make public opinion absent. People expect that the mechanisms in this area will be perfected as soon as possible so that the government information will be made public in a timely and fully legal manner so that the peoplea€?s right to know will be fully protected.
There are two factions in GM, one is the opposition, one is the pros, and I am the centrist because the opposition and the pros are all very reasonable.
I am willing to eat genetically modified food and come to do this experiment myself. But the problem is that I have no fertility. The effect of genetic modification on sexuality and heredity is experimentally proven. If young people volunteer to do experiments, they should eat genetically modified foods in two. More than a year, it does not affect fertility and the health of the next generation. It is safe.
During the National a€?Two Conferencesa€? in 2012, Yuan Longping, a member of the CPPCC National Committee and father of hybrid rice, said in an interview with the media.
a–? Understanding Transgenic
Global Soybean 3/4 is genetically modified
The data released by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 2011 showed that 82% of cotton and 75% of soybeans in the world market have been genetically modified. According to the International Agricultural Biotechnology Application Service Organization headquartered in the United States, since the mid-1990s, genetically modified crops have been planted globally. In 2011, the global acreage of genetically modified crops reached 160 million hectares, including European countries such as Germany and Spain. Twenty-nine countries have approved the commercial cultivation of 24 GM crops. The World Health Organization released a report in 2005 that GM crops traded on the international market have undergone rigorous examination, and no examples of human health hazards have been found in a large number of practices.
This shows that GM crops have already entered the daily life of the global public. However, it should not be overlooked that although the negative impact of GM crops on human health and the natural environment has not yet been confirmed, it does not mean that these potential effects will not become a reality in the future.
U.S. legislation stipulates that each GM food should be reviewed by at least three departments before it is put on the market. The Ministry of Agriculture is responsible for managing the development of genetically modified crops and field trials. The EPA is responsible for assessing the environmental impact of genetically modified plants. The FDA is responsible for GM foods and Feed safety assessment. The listing of genetically modified foods must comply with traditional food hygiene standards. It takes several years for any kind of genetically modified food to be marketed, and it costs 10 million to 15 million US dollars to collect the data needed to complete the approval.
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