Future Perspectives on Energy Sustainable Development

Improve Economic Growth Mode and Develop Green Economy

Energy security is not just a national issue, but it is also a global issue. In today's world that is full, comprehensive, and deeply globalized, only common security is the real security. Only by comprehensively raising the level of cooperation among all countries can we achieve wide-ranging win-win results and maximize the well-being of people in all countries.

China and the rest of the world, including important energy exporters and energy importers, have already carried out extensive cooperation to jointly maintain the international energy security order.

China has achieved rapid economic growth during the "10th Five-Year Plan" and "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" period. However, in the past two years, China's economic growth rate has moderated. This is an inevitable phenomenon of structural adjustment. However, no matter how it is adjusted, there can be no hard landing in China.

It should be noted that the slowdown in economic growth has also provided an opportunity for China to achieve economic restructuring. On the whole, in a fairly long period of time in the future, as the economy still maintains a rapid growth rate of around 7.5%, Chinaa€?s energy demand will also increase reasonably, but it will certainly not increase energy consumption and emit greenhouse gases without restrictions. To achieve economic development, the past growth model will be effectively improved.

China will incorporate climate change as a major national strategy into its mid- and long-term plans for national economic and social development; vigorously develop a green economy with low-carbon emissions and recycling as its connotation, and gradually establish industries, buildings, and transportation featuring low-carbon emissions. The system has accelerated the formation of a national economic structure with high technological content, low resource consumption, and good economic and environmental benefits.

Energy-saving low-carbon is inseparable from the smart grid

Hu Zhaoguang (Principal expert and vice president of the State Grid Energy Research Institute)

The power system consists of power generators, transformers, transmission lines, and substations, and is considered to be one of the most complex systems for man-made energy. Its physical properties require that electricity and electricity must be completed simultaneously and instantaneously. If imbalances are created, the grid will collapse. This feature just makes the power data very accurate.

The economic operation and industrial production of modern society cannot be separated from electricity. Therefore, the statistics of power data are very extensive and easy to count. At present, China's electricity consumption data is subdivided into industry users, and statistics are very fast.

With the development of smart grids, the statistics of power data have been implemented instantaneously and more accurately. Power data can accurately and timely reflect the relationship between business inputs and output. Electricity consumption is positively correlated with other production factors and output in production.

Using power parameters, we can divide the economic development process into different phases. According to China's power data, China is in the late stage of industrialization. The average annual electricity consumption is between 2400 and 4500 degrees. Among them, in 2012, China's per capita electricity consumption is 3,800 degrees.

In order to meet the electricity demand, we will do a power plan. According to the conventional development ideas, how much demand does our country have to build? However, now we should change our thinking. The first thing we should consider is to adopt energy-saving measures on the demand side. We see this energy savings as a virtual power plant called an "energy efficiency power plant." In 2012, Chinaa€?s total generator installed capacity was 1.144 billion kilowatts. By 2020, Chinaa€?s total installed capacity is expected to reach 1.935 billion kilowatts, and in 2030 it is expected to reach 2.8 billion kilowatts. At the same time, in 2020, China's "energy-efficient power plant" will save about 200 million kilowatts of electricity, and in 2030 it will save 400 million kilowatts of electricity.

China has already proposed that the future economic development must take the low carbon road. Therefore, the demand for electricity needs to be met through the construction of a€?energy-efficient power plantsa€? and conventional power plants. "Energy-efficient power plants" rely on smart grids to play a role in energy conservation and emission reduction. The more energy-efficient power plants are built, the more they can achieve the goal of energy conservation and emission reduction.

China's development of smart grids has its own advantages, but also has institutional advantages. The country has many demonstration projects in the smart grid construction. For example, wind power, in the context of uneven resource endowments, China's electricity load is concentrated in the eastern and central regions, and wind power is mostly concentrated in the west. Therefore, long-distance transmission lines are required to transport wind power to load centers, which also requires smart grids.

The key to green energy lies in intelligence

Liu Qiang (Deputy Director, Energy Department, Institute of Quantitative Economics and Technology Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

In the past five years, we have been exploring how to develop green energy and renewable energy. However, if we stop to look back and conclude, we will find that many green energy sources are not actually "green." When developing some renewable energy, we paid the environmental price.

Therefore, I believe that in the future our energy development path should be a smart development path that can adjust social energy consumption behavior at any time.

Energy security is the focus of global attention. This includes global energy supply shortages and environmental issues arising from the use of primary energy sources.

In the process of developing modern industry, we will have some influence on the surrounding environment, but we cannot solve the energy problem by sacrificing development. The green environmental protection of energy must be equal to safety and universal service, so that we can both protect the environment and at the same time Can enjoy modern civilization.

New energy may be one of the solutions. Including China, the world is paying attention to renewable energy, but renewable energy will also have a certain impact on the environment. For example, the photovoltaic industry may cause environmental pollution during the production of photovoltaic modules.

Therefore, the key to green energy lies in intelligence and environmental management. Our primary concern is not its reproducibility, but intelligence. In addition, we should also establish community intelligence. Community intelligence includes the intelligence of homes and buildings: When there is no one in the home or building, the room power can be automatically cut off or enter the energy saving mode.

I believe that the principles of intelligent community development are: a compact and convenient neighborhood community, a work place close to the place of residence, a variety of convenient travel options, and a harmonious coexistence with the ecosystem, green intelligence and cheap buildings, and foundations. Facilities, comfortable local community lifestyles, respect for individual opinions, etc.

At the same time, the intelligence of the energy network and the intelligence of the community should not be isolated. The connection between energy intelligence and community intelligence should be done. Only when all the intelligent models are perfectly connected, can we increase the degree of intellectualization of social life, and energy In order to better achieve green use.

Promoting the application of low-carbon technologies, developing a recycling economy, and achieving green development are important policies for the Chinese government to ensure energy security and realize sustainable development. China attaches great importance to the new changes brought about by shale gas, and has formulated the a€?Twelfth Five-Year Plana€? development plan for shale gas, striving to make shale gas a new opportunity to improve China's energy security.

- Yang Kun, chief engineer of the National Energy Administration

The shale gas revolution will have a huge impact on the global energy market. The United States will thus become the worlda€?s largest oil and gas producer, significantly reducing its dependence on Middle East oil. On the contrary, by 2035 China, India, Japan, and Europe will become more dependent on oil and natural gas imports. Important Asian natural gas importing countries should cooperate to establish an Asian natural gas price system to increase import bargaining power.

a€” Former Director of International Energy Agency Tanaka Shinobu

The shale gas revolution further enhanced the energy security of the United States. In order to further promote economic growth and enhance international competitiveness, the United States will further develop and export shale gas. Chinaa€?s future energy security will also be greatly affected by the shale gas revolution. China and the United States are further strengthening cooperation in various fields of energy including shale gas, which will help China and the United States jointly achieve energy security goals.

a€”Ebert, Director of the US Department of Energy's China Office

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