Chinese classical furniture collection: careful mahogany furniture will give you a flicker

Not long ago, Da Vinci's home, which once became an "international super-brand", fell into the deep valley. Ita€?s not someone else who pushes it down, but the a€?fake doora€? that he has made himself. After the identity fraud incident was exposed, although Pan Zhuang Xiuhua also had a public apology in the rain, although the apology letter stated that a€?it will definitely be 'repaireda€? and take responsibilitya€?; although the announcement of the mailbox indicates that the complaint against the consumer a€?will have a unified arrangement deal with". However, these are just "despite", Da Fu's home "fake door" has obviously stung many people's hearts. In addition, the "foreign brand style" that did not know when it was blowing over China did not seem to be as fierce as before. In fact, when many people pursued the valuable "foreign home", more people put their eyes on "Chinese classical furniture", and Ming and Qing furniture is undoubtedly the most concerned. For a long time, Ming and Qing furniture has become the pinnacle of ancient Chinese furniture because of the sophisticated materials, fine workmanship and cultural heritage. For centuries, Ming and Qing furniture has always been the favorite of furniture collectors, whether it is the dynasty or the war. In addition, it must be mentioned that in the production process of these furniture, the a€??|???ˉa€? joint method of nailing and riveting is not applicable, which is even more impressive. Moreover, since these furniture are made of the most expensive woods in the past few years - huanghuali, red sandalwood, etc., these woods are not only expensive, but can even be cracked or deformed after hundreds of years. No corrosion. It is precisely because of this that Ming and Qing furniture are naturally given more legendary. Huanghuali: The witness of Ming-style furniture for centuries has such a kind of furniture: on a cloudy day, it can give off a faint scent, which can refresh the mind, and some even say that it can also ward off evil. Not only that, but the furniture does not even need to be painted to give a special oily luster, and as long as it is properly maintained, the longer it lasts, the better the gloss. This is the most brilliant and lowest historical witness of Huanghuali furniture - Ming style furniture. Crazy "Panda in the Wood" Mottled gray-yellow bark with a hint of vicissitudes; light-colored flowers buried in the branches, quietly; the leaves of the elliptical are arranged in an orderly manner, like the feathers of birds. These extremely rare yellow rosewoods are sparsely grown in the Yangshan and Diaoluo Mountains of Hainan Island. Although these places where huanghuali grows are beautiful, there is a lot of a€?stunninga€? everywhere: no one can guarantee whether these precious trees have already been discovered. No one can know if these trees will escape the fate of being cut by a knife and axe. For decades, the number of huanghua pears on Hainan Island has become less and less, and it is almost impossible to find them in the wild. Those who are lucky enough to discover, I am afraid, are also struggling on the edge of life. The huanghua pears used by the Li nationality aborigines to make wine glasses, brocade tools and even rice cylinders have become "pandas in the woods". According to reports, in 1985, the price of Hainan huanghuali was only 2 yuan per kilogram. By the time of 1992, the figure had reached 12 yuan per kilogram, and the increase was not too big. However, the situation afterwards is the same: in 2002, the price of Hainan huanghuali on the market almost rose to around 20,000 yuan per ton. By the end of 2010, it has soared to 8 million to 10 million yuan per ton, even to the point where the market is priceless. In the past 8 years, the price of Hainan huanghuali has more than 400 times. The logs of Hainan huanghuali are so, the price of finished products is even higher. In November 2010, in an auction of China Guardian, a a€?six-flowered horseshoe leg six-poster canopy bed with a cluster of Minghuahualia€? was sold at a high price of 43.12 million yuan, which created the highest record in the history of Huanghuali furniture auction. This bed made of huanghuali has also become "the most expensive bed in history." In addition, this special event also produced the "most expensive cabinet in history" - 39.76 million yuan of "Qinglonglong Huanghuali dragon pattern four-piece cabinet pair". In the end, all the auctions of this huanghuali special auction were all sold and sold at a total transaction price of 259 million yuan. Just when everyone turned their attention to China Guardian, on December 12th, an unnamed auction company in Nanjing created a more astounding record. On the same day, a Ming Dynasty huanghuali chair was auctioned for 62 million yuan, plus the total commission price of 69.44 million yuan. The new Huanghuali furniture record was once again refreshed. That night, many furniture collectors lost sleep all night. Huanghuali furniture once again returned to the public eye. In fact, as early as in the Tang Dynasty, Huanghuali furniture has been widely found in the Central Plains. At that time, the pharmacist Chen Zangqi recorded in the "Herbal Supplement": "The palm trees are out of Annan and the South China Sea. A few beds, like red sandalwood." The "palm wood" he refers to is the yellow pear we are talking about today. And Huanghuali Furniture really ushered in its first golden age is in the Ming Dynasty. The Ming Dynasty was another prosperous period in the history of Chinese furniture, and the craftsmanship reached all the unprecedented heights. During this period, because of the solid texture of the huanghua pear from Hainan Island, the texture is delicate, and it exudes a special scent, and the square in the huanghuali furniture contains a round and a square, which fits perfectly. The Ming Dynasty literati recognized the traditional Chinese culture of "Heaven and Man" and "Inside the Circle" ethics, so Huanghuali furniture reached its peak in this period. Use the huanghuali to make the encircled back and the left and right sides of the Arhat bed, the official hat chair like the court minister hat, the fan table used to write poetry, the fan screen used for partitioning or decoration appearing or upgrade. However, in the middle and late Ming Dynasty, the imperial court imposed a strict sea ban policy. The import of huanghua pears in Vietnam and other places stagnated, and the huanghua pears in Hainan Island and other places in China were unable to meet the huge market demand, coupled with the long growth of huanghuali. In the cycle, the newly planted huanghua pear is far from the future. The smashed huanghuali went into the "generation history" in the middle of the Qing Dynasty. In the 1980s, after a hundred years of ice-sealing, Ming-style furniture finally ushered in spring. The long winter is the two books of Wang Shizhena€?s "Luxury Furniture Collection" and "Ming-style Furniture Research". Ming and Qing furniture has once again become the focus of attention of collectors at home and abroad. Naturally, Huanghuali furniture, which best represents Ming furniture, also ushered in her new life. Since then, Huanghuali furniture has ushered in another peak, and until today, it is still the most concerned one in the furniture collection industry. Rosewood: The palace aristocrats of the Qing style furniture time, the dynasty changed. In the blink of an eye, it was the Qing Dynasty, the rare jade in the Ming Dynasty, the jade in Myanmar, the corals in the sea, all gathered in the capital of the empire, and the glass and mirrors of the Western Ocean also appeared in the Forbidden City and the emperor's palace. However, in the face of these dazzling and jewels of bright color, the members of the royal family are a bit guilty: these need a kind of calm wood to set off, however, whether it is the huanghua pear or other precious wood before, It seems that it is very difficult to perfectly match these precious jewelry. At this time, there was a kind of wood that went into the eyes of the royal family, which is the red sandalwood. The characteristics of rosewood furniture that are not uncomfortable, deep in color, and quiet and quiet are in line with the psychological needs of the royal family. In the end, the royal family chose a steady rosewood. Since then, rosewood furniture has become the representative of the court culture of the Qing Dynasty. Even in the Qing Dynasty, there was an unwritten rule that all the folk rosewoods were handed over to the court. The ancestors of the Qing court royal family in the Qing Dynasty before the Kangxi, generally retain the style and characteristics of Ming style furniture, and Ming Dynasty furniture together are collectively known as Ming style furniture. However, with the restoration and development of handicraft technology in the early Qing Dynasty, the Qing Dynasty furniture has undergone great changes during the Qianlong period, forming a unique Qing style. Its outstanding features are heavy materials, gorgeous decoration and stable shape. This is in stark contrast to the rational, simple and sturdy use of Ming furniture. In fact, Huanghuali furniture is the essence of Ming style furniture, emphasizing the shape and lines, just like traditional Chinese calligraphy, representing the highest level of Chinese classical furniture; while the rosewood furniture is the court furniture in the Qing style furniture, but it shows the Manchu The aesthetic taste of the dignitaries and the Qing dynasty - not paying attention to the styling, but emphasizing the engraving and luxuriance of the carvings, paying attention to the patterns and carvings; from the styling point of view, they are straight lines, not paying attention to proportions, which are rather rigid and a bit stupid. In addition, the Ming style furniture is restrained and has a stylized, non-stylized, and the Qing style furniture is very prominent, even the furniture made so far. In fact, even the Qing style furniture represented by rosewood does not surpass the previous Ming furniture, but one thing is quite special. Qing style furniture not only inherits the advantages of Ming style furniture, but also boldly borrows from Western civilization. From the perspective of the Qing style furniture that is currently preserved, the use of Western decorative patterns or decorative techniques has a considerable proportion. Moreover, the color of the rosewood furniture is calm and gives a subtle and solemn beauty. It can be said to represent the highest standard of the court royal aesthetic. Therefore, it is popular among high-end buyers at the auction. Ke Xisi, an American expert who served as curator of the China Classical Furniture Museum in California in the 1990s, said: Because red sandalwood is more rare than huanghuali, the palace furniture of red sandalwood has been sought after at a high price, creating a series of auction records. For example, in the previous two years, a dragon chair that was photographed more than 80 million Hong Kong dollars was made of red sandalwood. In 2003, a 12-screen screen of a red sandalwood was photographed at 20 million Hong Kong dollars. At that time, it was Chinese classical furniture. The highest record. In fact, before the red sandalwood was sought after by the courts of the Qing Dynasty, due to the rare red sandalwood trees in the country, the Ming Dynasty court had to send bureaucrats to the Nanyang Islands to collect, the mighty expedition fleet will continue to run the rosewood. Shipped to the country. By the end of the Ming Dynasty, high-quality wood, especially rosewood, had been basically harvested. As of the early Qing Dynasty, the vast majority of the world's rosewood was collected in Guangzhou and Beijing. Later, the rosewood used in the court of the Qing Dynasty was all harvested during this period. According to historical records, in order to meet the needs of the Forbidden City, the Qing Dynasty also sent people to Nanyang to collect rosewood, but most of them were thick and not gripped, and the festival was not straight and could not be used at all. In fact, the reason why the rosewood, known as the "Wood King", is exhausted has a lot to do with its slow growth. Generally speaking, it can't be made for a few hundred years, and it was harvested in the Ming Dynasty. It was not revived until the Qing Dynasty. Then, where did the large number of rosewood furniture in the Qing court come from? In the archives of the Qing Dynasty courts in the First Historical Archives, there were many records of the Royal Office of the House of the Qing Dynasty. In addition to the office of the Qinghai rosewood furniture, there are still many tributes from various places. For example, on June 26, the 26th year of Emperor Qianlong, the governor of the two rivers Gao Jingongjin: the red sandalwood case is paired, the red sandalwood table is paired, the red sandalwood is a pair of books, and the red sandalwood is in pairs. History is such a striking similarity that after the Opium War, rosewood furniture began to flow overseas. When the Qing Dynasty died, the rosewood furniture almost disappeared. It was not until the two Ming and Qing dynasties furniture booms of the 1940s and 1980s that the rosewood furniture came to people's attention. Today, in the exhibition hall of the China Red Sandalwood Museum, there are some rare red sandalwood furniture in China. The piece of dark purple luxury furniture seems to tell them from Nanyang to China, from the Qing Dynasty to today's past and present. And those rosewood logs that exude a hint of sandalwood, although hollow, are still as they are carried in the history - in their hands, heavy.

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